Diabetes is one of the biggest concerns for patients who suffer from it due to its serious complications, and it is one of the most common diseases in the world. The proportion of people with diabetes increased in the 1980s from 108 million people to 422 million people in 2014, according to statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO). Egypt leads the list of Arab countries in the spread of diabetes, as it records more than 8 million people with diabetes or nearly 10% of its population.
Controlling diabetes is not difficult if the doctor's instructions and regular follow-up are done, and here are the most important tips for diabetics to control it.
What is Diabetes?
First of all, you have to know about the disease. Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the cells of the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin hormone to regulate the level of glucose in the blood. If it is not treated with medication or insulin injections, diabetes can lead to serious complications and consequences.
Types of Diabetes:
- The first type:
In this type, the pancreas does not produce insulin at all, and it may be the result of genetic or other factors, in which the patient needs to take a daily dose of insulin in order to survive.
- The second type:
It is the most common type in which the pancreas produces insulin, but not enough; or the body does not process insulin effectively; This causes the patient to use medications or insulin to control blood glucose levels.
- Gestational diabetes:
This type of diabetes affects some pregnant women and ends with the end of pregnancy and the birth of the baby, but she must follow up regularly with the doctor.
How do you do positive follow-up?
1- Controlling blood glucose level by taking regular doses of insulin or prescribed medication and continuous follow-up by testing the cumulative glucose level every 3 months.
2- Drink large amounts of water daily to improve the rate of blood flow in the blood vessels and stimulate blood circulation.
3- Test the cholesterol level in the blood, because hypercholesterolemia may lead to fats accumulation on the walls of blood vessels; Which may cause atherosclerosis, in which case the patient becomes more susceptible to gangrene due to the lack of blood flow at a normal rate to the limbs.
4- It is preferable to exercise regularly or walk at least half an hour a day, and it is possible to go up the stairs instead of using the elevator to improve blood glucose level.
5- Follow a balanced and healthy diet and constantly eat more fruits and vegetables, taking care to stay away from high-calorie, high-fat and fatty foods.
6- A diabetic should undergo a vision examination annually by a specialized doctor to prevent diabetic retinopathy, which may occur as a result of damage to the blood vessels in the back of the eye.
7- Testing blood pressure, as hypertension may cause heart strain; Which could cause a heart attack.
8- One of the most important steps for a diabetic patient is to examine the foot periodically to avoid the risks of diabetic foot.
When there are non-healing wounds, it is considered to move quickly to a specialized vascular surgeon who provides The Treatment of Diabetic Foot Gangrene by cleaning the wound, drying it and following its healing.
In case of diabetic foot:
You must visit The Best Doctor for the Treatment of Diabetic Foot,Prof. Dr. Hossam El-Mahdy, the best vascular surgeon in El-Manial, Mohandessin, Nasr City, and El-Tagamoa, as he offers the treatment of diabetic foot and gangrene with the latest technologies that are being followed globally, which achieve unparalleled success rates and protect the patient from the risk of amputation.
The Merge between Experience and Skills in perfect proportions is the reason of Prof. Dr. Hossam El-Mahdy's success, and that is exactly what he presents to you through his proven surgical excellence, to allow you to have healthy blood vessels.